Gynecological Health

Good nutrition and regular exercise can help you stay healthy and youthful at this stage of life.

Amenorrhea means you haven't had your period for more than 3 cycles. It can be caused by a variety of things including overexercising, being overweight, or due to an ovulation problem.

The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva.

Detailed information on the most common types of gynecological cancers, including symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment

Cervical cancer develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix that spread deeper or to other tissues or organs. This type of cancer occurs most often in women older than 40.

Detailed information on chemotherapy for treatment of gynecological cancers

Detailed information on the most common gynecological conditions

Cervicitis is irritation or infection of the cervix. It can be caused by a number of different sexually transmitted diseases.

A woman is generally most fertile (able to become pregnant) a few days before, during, and after ovulation.

Grading and staging cancer helps determine the best treatment.

Detailed information on the most common diagnostic procedures for cancer

Painful periods cause severe cramps and pain during a woman's period. It can start with your first period, or begin later in life. It can be related to an underlying conditions such as endometriosis.

Cancer of the endometrium is a disease in which cancerous cells are found in the lining of the uterus. It is highly curable when found early.

In addition to regulating the menstrual cycle, estrogen affects the reproductive tract, the urinary tract, the heart and blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous membranes, pelvic muscles, and the brain.

Uterine fibroids are tumors in a woman's uterus. They are usually not cancer.

Detailed information on cancer, including cancer diagnosis, cancer staging, cancer grading, cancer treatment, cancer surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

Detailed information on hormone therapy as one type of cancer treatment

If you use or are considering using hormone therapy, discuss the possible benefits and risks with your health care provider.

Hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus. Your healthcare provider may also remove one or both ovaries, and the fallopian tubes. In some cases, he or she may remove other parts of the reproductive system.

Detailed information on biological therapy, also called immunotherapy, biological response modifier therapy, or biotherapy

Detailed information on gynecological health, including anatomy of the female pelvis, gynecological statistics, menstrual conditions, menopause, gynecological inflammations, gynecological infections, hysterectomy, and gynecological cancers

Detailed information on the most common gynecological inflammations and infections, including vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease

Detailed information on menopause, including perimenopause, hormone replacement therapy, and staying healthy after menopause

Menorrhagia is heavy or prolonged bleeding during your period. It can be caused by hormone problems or problems with the uterus. Medications or procedures to treat the uterus can help.

Detailed information on the most common menstrual conditions, including premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and menorrhagia

The tissue that lines the uterus is called the endometrium. Normally, if a woman doesn’t get pregnant, this tissue is shed each month during her period. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus.This can cause pain, heavy periods, and infertility.

If initial tests and exams strongly suggest that you have ovarian cancer, you'll likely have other tests. These tests help your healthcare providers learn more about your cancer.

Detailed information on cancer, including primary and metastatic cancers, and benign and malignant tumors

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a much more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It may affect women who are able to get pregnant. It’s a severe and chronic medical condition that requires attention and treatment. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medications can help manage symptoms.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of emotional and physical symptoms many women have in the days before their period starts. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medicines can help manage symptoms.

Detailed information on radiation therapy, one type of cancer treatment.

Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle. If you notice anything different or unusual, talk with your health care provider.

The only safe sex is no sex, most healthcare providers say. But certain precautions and safe behaviors can minimize a person's risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease.

Detailed information on gynecological health, including anatomy of the female pelvis, gynecological statistics, menstrual conditions, menopause, gynecological inflammations, gynecological infections, hysterectomy, and gynecological cancers

Detailed information on the most common types of cancer treatment, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

The conventional, primary methods of treating cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy/biological therapy. Your healthcare provider will determine which treatment or treatments are best for you.

Overview of uterine sarcoma

Cancer of the vagina is rare. Certain factors thought to raise the risk for this type of cancer include advancing age, history of cervical cancer, and infection with the human papillomavirus.

Vaginitis is a common problem for women of all ages. Bacteria, yeast, viruses, and chemicals in creams or sprays can cause it.

Vulvitis is inflammation of the soft folds of skin outside the vagina.

Talking with healthcare providers about cancer can be overwhelming. It can be hard to take in all of the information. It helps to be prepared. Read on for a list of questions to ask during your appointments.

People with this syndrome have dark moles around the mouth, nose, and eyes, as well as multiple polyps in the intestines.

The risk for ovarian cancer and skin cancer is increased with basal cell nevus syndrome, a rare genetic disorder.

Detailed information on the genetics of ovarian cancer, including hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, ovarian cancer and hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer, and basal cell nevus syndrome (Gorlin syndrome)

When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. This stage signals the end of a woman's ability to have children.

Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection of a woman’s reproductive tract. Scar tissue grows between internal organs leading to ongoing pelvic pain. It can also lead to ectopic pregnancy.

PCOS is a common hormone problem in women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS may not ovulate, and have abnormal hormone levels. They may experience missed or irregular periods, excess hair growth and weight gain around the belly.

Pelvic pain is a challenging condition that can be due to many possible causes.

Perimenopause is the time around menopause when your body begins to change. You become less fertile and hormone levels fluctuate.

Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

Uterine prolapse is a condition in which the muscles and tissues in the pelvis weaken. This can cause the uterus to drop down into the vagina. It can cause symptoms such as urine leakage.

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