Kidney and Urinary System Disorders

Detailed information on kidney disorders

Detailed information on kidney conditions, including kidney function, nephrology, kidney problem causes, kidney disease symptoms, and a labeled, full-color anatomical illustration

Renal vascular disease affects the blood flow into and out of the kidneys. It may cause kidney damage, kidney failure, and high blood pressure.

Taking one or a mix of painkiller medicines daily over a long time may cause chronic kidney problems. This is called analgesic nephropathy. Painkillers that combine 2 or more medicines (such as, aspirin and acetaminophen together) with caffeine or codeine are the most likely to harm the kidneys.

Detailed anatomical description of the urinary system, including simple definitions and labeled, full-color illustrations.

Detailed information on bladder cancer, including symptoms, types, causes, risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is also called benign prostatic hypertrophy. It’s when the prostate gland becomes very large and may cause problems passing urine. BPH is not cancer, and is a common part of aging.

When the wall between the bladder and the vagina weakens, the bladder may drop or sag into the vagina. This disorder in women is called cystocele.

Detailed information on the most common urogenital disorders, including bladder cancer, cystocele (fallen bladder), hematuria, blood in the urine, impotence, erectile dysfunction, interstitial cystitis, male factor infertility, prostate disease, benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH, prostate cancer, urinary incontinence, urinary tract infection, vesicoureteral reflux

Kidney failure happens when damage results in loss of normal kidney function. It may also be called end stage renal disease (ESRD).

Glomerulosclerosis is scarring in the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys called the glomeruli. These are the tiny units in the kidneys that filter urine from the blood.

When the kidneys' filters (glomeruli) become inflamed and scarred it is called glomerulonephritis. The kidneys slowly lose their ability to remove wastes and excess fluid from the blood to make urine.

Goodpasture syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease that affects the lungs and kidneys. Normally, the immune system makes antibodies to fight off germs. With Goodpasture syndrome, however, the immune system mistakenly makes antibodies that attack the lungs and kidneys. This condition can quickly progress to glomerulonephritis and kidney failure.

Blood in the urine means there are red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine. Often the urine looks normal to the naked eye. But when checked under a microscope, it contains a high number of red blood cells. Here's what you need to know.

Detailed information on hemolytic uremic syndrome, including its cause, symptoms, and treatment.

IgA nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease. It progresses over 10 to 20 years, and can lead to end-stage renal disease. It is caused by deposits of the protein immunoglobulin A (IgA) inside the filters (glomeruli) in the kidney. These glomeruli normally filter waste and excess water from the blood and send them to the bladder as urine. However, the IgA protein prevents this filtering process.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) or impotence means you can’t get an erection. It can also mean you are not happy with the size or hardness of your erections, or how long your erections last.

Detailed information on urology, the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract in both genders, and with the genital tract or reproductive system in the male

Male infertility means that a man has a problem with his reproductive system. It means he can't start a pregnancy with a female partner. Read on to learn about causes, diagnosis, and treatment.

Interstitial cystitis is an inflamed or irritated bladder wall. It can lead to scarring and stiffening of the bladder. The bladder can’t hold as much urine as it did in the past. It is an ongoing (chronic) disorder.

Nephrotic syndrome causes scarring or damage to the filtering part of the kidneys (glomeruli). This causes too much protein to be lost from the blood into the urine.

A closer look at neurogenic bladder, which causes symptoms such as urinary incontinence, kidney stones, and dribbling urine.

Peyronie disease causes hard, flat plaque to form under the skin on the tissue of the penis. The plaque often starts as an inflammation that may develop into scar tissue. It can cause pain and a sharp curve in the penis during erections.

Detailed information on the different types of polycystic kidney disease

Detailed information on the most common urogenital disorders, including analgesic nephropathy, bladder cancer, cystocele (fallen bladder), end stage renal disease, glomerulonephritis, glomerulosclerosis, goodpasture syndrome, hematuria (blood in the urine

A kidney stone is a hard, pebble-like deposit that forms in the kidney. It may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl. Some are as big as golf balls. A stone may be smooth, irregular in shape, or jagged. Most are yellow or brown in color. There are different types of kidney stones.

Detailed information on kidney transplantation

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infections in any part of the urinary tract. They are a common health problem that affects millions of people each year. Women are especially prone to UTIs.

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a condition where urine in the bladder flows in the wrong direction. It goes up into the tubes (ureters) that lead to the kidneys.

Urinary incontinence (UI) is the loss of urine control. You may not being able to hold your urine until you can reach a restroom. It may be a short-term problem caused by another health issue. Or it may be a long-term problem that you’ll have to manage.

Bladder or bowel incontinence means a problem with holding in urine or stool. Here's what you should know.

A helpful introduction to kidney cancer.

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